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       Chapter VIII: Development of the Impact Region

Towards the Preparation and Implementation of a Regional Integrated Development Plan

TOWARDS THE PREPARATION AND IMPLEMENTATION OF A REGIONAL INTEGRATED DEVELOPMENT PLAN

As suggested earlier, a great deal more work needs to be carried out before a comprehensive regional plan and its implementation programme can be completed, and the above recommendations represent but one step in the process. Another major step, and indeed perhaps the first one, is the proposed Five-Year Plan programme to be carried out by the regional and district authorities. This development programme forms part of the overall strategy, but, on its own, will not be of sufficient scope or level of investment to be a plan for a region within which a Capital City is to be sited.

What is needed is a comprehensive Regional Integrated Development Plan, (R.I.D.P.) which will co-ordinate all plans and proposals for the Region into a single, unified document containing specific recommendations which will be capable of being implemented.

However, before concrete and detailed proposals can be offered, alternative strategies tested and a plan recommended, further comprehensive work needs to be undertaken through various surveys.

Surveys to precede a land planning and land use allocation exercise (this is a number one priority):

Irrigation and crop possibilities of the following in particular: The preparation of a Regional Integrated Development Plan, for a 10 year period (1977- 1987) with longer term guidelines and to include the survey work listed above, could proceed as follows: Prior to the completion of a full scale RIDP, control and implementation procedures and bodies should be decided upon. The regional and district administrations who now have responsibility for development within their areas, should be the "lynch-pin" for implementation of the RIDP proposed. At the top level, co-ordination between Dodoma Region and surrounding regions will be of utmost importance and a technical co-ordinating committee under the chairmanship of an official of the Prime Minister's Office should meet regularly and include representatives of CDA.

At a second level, the Dodoma regional and district administrations should meet regularly with CDA to co-ordinate development work within Dodoma Region under the plan. To effect this, a regional development co-ordinating committee comprising the Minister of State for Capital Development, the Regional Commissioner, the Director-General of CDA and the Principal Secretary in the Ministry of Capital Development should be established; there should also be a further co-ordinating committee at the professional/administrative level, reporting to the main committee; this would comprise the Regional Development Director, the District Development Directors of Kondoa and Mpwapwa districts and the Capital City District (Rural), the Director of Physical and Social Planning and the Development Economists; the last two of whom would represent CDA.

At a third level, special consideration should be given to the old Dodoma District area. The Capital City District Study Area, (CCDSA) covers an area which generally accords with a "natural" Dodoma hinterland, both in terms of physical delimitations and trading and other spheres of influence. If the southern and northern areas of the Dodoma District, outside the CCDSA, are also included as areas in which considerable population growth is going to be possible in the future to relieve pressure on the CCDSA "core zone" around Dodoma, it can be reckoned that this District, above all others in the impact region, will need special attention, as much pressure both in terms of the need to develop agriculture and of population demands on the land, will take place here especially in more fertile areas.

To implement an approved RIDP, a nucleus of interdisciplinary expertise should be established for the whole of Dodoma District, that is, the CCD (Urban) and CCD (Rural) in the following fields:

To reinforce this team would be a number of specific schemes or institutes responsible for: In this context, the process of rural development will be accelerated only if the various techniques and innovations to be introduced (such as waterraising devices and simple irrigation management, oxen and ploughs, fertilizer application, storage methods and other intermediate agricultural practices) are implemented in the form of an integrated "package" in which one measure or innovation reinforces another. For example, the full benefits of oxen introduction will accrue only if simultaneous steps are taken to introduce suitable farm implements, construct stone-lined wells, popularise water-lifting devices, extend the area under cultivation and modify the existing cropping pattern.

plate18 There are two ways of organizing this staff to implement the RIDP:

Creation of a land development authority with similar powers and responsibility to that recently established for the Rufiji Basin. Such an authority would work with the district authority and CDA, be answerable to the Regional Development Committee, and should be established immediately to oversee the work of the RIDP preparation.

Augmentation of existing professional and technical staff at district level, i.e. for the old Dodoma District area. There are, however, now two districts within the boundaries of the old Dodoma District, each with its own Area Commissioner and supporting staff. Furthermore, there is the CDA with developmental powers in the area of Dodoma District (Urban). Therefore, the RIDP team would necessarily have to be answerable direct to the proposed regional development co-ordinating committee through the functional committee below it.

Whichever implementing organization is chosen, the manpower and other proposals mean little without a concurrent infusion of financial resources. Central government, through the Prime Minister's Office and Treasury, should ensure adequate funds in recognition of the special rural claims of the old Dodoma District area in the capital development context. The work needed in Dodoma District should be seen as a joint planning and implementing exercise. In other words, implementation in some fields must start forthwith without having to wait for plans and reports.



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Copyright: Project Planning Associates Limited, Toronto, Canada, directed by Mr. Macklin Hancock and recipient "The Government of Tanzania, Capital Development Authority under the auspices of Mr. George Kahama.".