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The number of livestock (cattle, in particular, but also goats and sheep) which exists in the region is too high in relation to the grazing capacity of the land. The result has been a serious reduction in natural vegetation which in turn is one of the basic causes of erosion.
A major objective of regional improvement should, therefore, be to substantially reduce the number of livestock. This should be accomplished by means of a comprehensive programme which includes the purchase and slaughter of no-longer reproductively useful animals, the export of weaned calves to other regions, the establishment of an improved system of marketing cattle in the villages, and the development of a meat processing industry in Dodoma.
In conjunction with the meat processing industry in Dodoma, a major 4,000 ha cattle holding ground should be established north of the Manyoni Road, at Nala Matuli. This will be conveniently located with respect to the abattoirs proposed in the city's western industrial park. Two further holding grounds are required, at 2,000 ha each, one near Chamwino and the other north of Mwitikira. Eventually, Dodoma's meat industry should employ some 2,500 workers.
Each village in the region should be provided with a well-defined pasture area on which the inhabitants may graze an established number of animals. In this manner, control of the number of animals, as well as good range management practices are expected to develop. In addition, larger cooperative ranches are proposed in various locations in the region, where population densities permit this.
Other recommended improvements with respect to livestock in the region, pertain to goat breeding and distribution, poultry development, and the expansion of dairying and the swine industry.
In terms of crop production, the existing situation in most of the impact region is such that the improvement programmes should primarily emphasize intensified farm labour input and techniques, combined with the provision of better seeds, pesticides and fertilizers. The recommended programmes include the establishment of a seed farm and the initiation of extension work to make farmers more aware of the values of better use of pesticides and of farmyard manure, which is abundantly available. Grain storage facilities should also be increased in the villages.
Irrigation is not practicable on a wide scale in the region, except in areas at Hombolo Lake, near reservoirs and rivers, and in the area near the proposed water reclamation plant of the Capital City.
The production of maize and wheat in the impact region could be multiplied many times during the next ten years, with improved roads, storage facilities and a wheat mill, all of which should become part of the regional improvement programme. Vegetation and fruit production should also be increased significantly in the villages around Dodoma, near the rivers and other sources of irrigation, to supply the needs of the city.
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