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The Master Plan for the National Capital City pertains to the land within the Capital City District (Urban). The City and the rural part of the District form a single unit of local government and are entirely interrelated in terms of planning and development.
The purpose of the Master Plan is to provide a planning and implementation policy framework within which all future development will take place. It establishes how each part of the area should be used, serviced and improved, to ensure the sound growth of the National Capital and the surrounding rural lands. Once the plan has been adopted, new development which does not conform to it should not be permitted, unless an amendment to the plan has been approved by the appropriate authority.
The types and locations of the land uses provided for in the plan have been determined on the basis of growth projections and on a thorough analysis of contemporary Tanzanian urban and rural requirements and standards. The land areas allocated for each use are considered to be suitable and sufficient for the Capital's needs for the next two decades and beyond.
The two basic purposes of the City are to function as the new Capital of Tanzania and to provide the necessary impetus and infrastructure for a strong programme of regional improvement and development. The plan will accommodate the National Government's ministries and related agencies, parastatals and institutions, as well as the industrial, commercial and social establishments of a modern city which must serve the needs of a large urban and regional population.
While the Master Plan designates sufficient land for a city of about one million people, substantial urban expansion should be discouraged after the city has reached a population size of 300,000 to 400,000. It is considered, that when that population size has been reached, the Government should vigorously pursue its policy of decentralization by building new cities in the region or elsewhere in Tanzania and that the continued growth of Dodoma should then be limited. However, the allocation of a larger area for urbanization has been made in the Master Plan to ensure that any expansion which may eventually occur will not result in a deterioration of urban qualities, due to lack of land, congestion, insufficient infrastructure or excessive cost.
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