Objectives of the National Capital Master Plan
OBJECTIVES OF THE NATIONAL CAPITAL MASTER PLAN
The following is taken from the Agreement between the
Capital Development Authority and Project Planning
Associates Limited, signed August 1, 1974.
The Consultants shail be guided by the following broad
- Dodoma as a National Capital City should be a
symbol of Tanzania's social, economic and cultural
values and aspirations. !t should also be an efficient
and satisfying place to carry on the political,
legislative, cultural, administrative and commercial
business of the country and must be strategically
- The planning and development of the Capital City
should highlight other parts of the country, especially
the more remote ones, and should be a source of
pride for the people.
- The Capital City requires a master plan, which must
be considered as one element in a co-ordinated
scheme of comprehensive Regional and National
planning, giving consideration to the effects of its
creation on the development of its hinterland and not
as an isolated exercise in physical planning.
- The National and Regional planning should include
planning and building of the National Capital City to
promote economic development. This means that the
Capital would accommodate new activities on the
basis of natural resources which would encourage
development within and around the new city.
- The master plan should aim at a capital whose
administrative, economic and political functions are
supplemented by a diversified industrial and
commercial base which woufd ensure a variety of
employment for its population. The economic base
should be part of the master planning from the earliest
- Since the goal of master planning is to create the
most favourable conditions of life for all its population,
it must, therefore, be founded upon sound principles
of design and economies. It shall be planned and
developed as a balanced human environment where
the workers can satisfy their needs in work, living and
recreation with efficiency and convenience.
- The most modern techniques shall be applied in
planning and developing the Capital, which, while
having standards befit of a Capital shall adopt
technologies compatible with Tanzania's environment,
level of development and situations.
- The Capital City shall demonstrate a high quality in its
human settlement incorporating the highest
environmental standards and in effect be a pilot study
demonstration to the best housing and urban living
conditions. The city must seek to be one having a
good quality of life, being an agreeable and
acceptable human settlement, an emerging inland
metropolis and a gracefully modern and functional
capital. Therefore the city shall avoid the mistakes of
colonial planning which are evident in Tanzanian
present towns. Also it shall avoid the mistakes of
overcrowding, pollution, traffic congestion, and long
journeys to work, which are commonly found in the
old cities of the industrialized countries.
- The conceptual plans should be presented in the form
of alternatives (for example the garden city versus the
compact city, or the radial versus the linear city) with
sufficient evaluation of each alternative to enable the
choice of the best option.
- The political and administrative functions of the city
should include those of the Party Headquarters, the
Capital, Dodoma Region, the Dodoma District and the
Capital City District.
- The master plan should take advantage of every
natural feature that the chosen city site has to offer
and should be integrated with existing developments
as far as possible.
- Planning, architecture and building in the Capital City
should ensure a favourable micro-climate and location
of light manufacturing industries, power generators,
transportation centres, schools, universities, theatres,
museums, libraries and scientific institutions, their
expansion and auxiliary facilities must be
harmoniously related to the Capital's other land uses.
- The basic elements of a town plan are residential,
industrial, commercial, community and recreational
uses. These should be harmoniously blended and
related by a transportation system with adequate land
reserve for future expansion of these uses. Compatible
industrial enterprises should be grouped together and
industries which do not emit offensive smell, smoke,
noise should be sited close to residential areas.
- Opportunity should be taken to use this project as a
social model for urban development in Tanzania.
Apart from highlighting and reinforcing the aspirations
of equality and human dignity the plan should
recognize and accept the heterogeneity of society in
terms of age, education, religion, race, etc., and
therefore, in terms of their preferences and wants for
social services- The consultant shail therefore, carry
out sufficient social studies to establish the basis for
recommending an appropriate social model for the
development of the Dodoma Capital City.
- The planning should be done on a neighbourhood
basis, as this provides for a convenient frame-work for
distribution of essential services like primary schools,
shopping, health, social and community needs. This
planning concept provides for a social environment for
a community development in line with Tanzania's
socialistic pattern and over-all Government policy. The
neighbourhood units and residential districts should
incorporate a variety of design with respect to layout and dwellings. Apart from providing for an active town
centre in each residential district the master plan
should also aim at providing commercial and work
centres in district and residential areas to avoid
unnecessary movement of people. An appropriate
design of different types of public open spaces and
people's squares to meet the needs of the population
should be provided at the convenient locations.
- The planning of transportation should be flexible and
should emphasize the use of public transport. But
adequate provision for use of private vehicles should
be made for the future. Provisions should be made for
cyclists and pedestrians. Roads and other utilities
should be planned so that they become usable for
long range development of the Capital.
- Minimum planning standards taking into consideration
the maximum economy, should be established for the
whole of the design which subsequently couid be
revised upwards as the resources increase. The
standards should be established on the basis of need
and services for health, recreation and culture. The
city shall not be planned as a static settlement but as
a flexible, dynamic city which can be moulded and
remoulded according to changing priorities and
circumstances. Apart from the yearly, five-year and
ten-year phases the master plan should give a concept
for the year 2000.
- The master plan should give an indication of the cost
of implementing the project and recommend how the
construction programme could be phased, taking into
account the need and convenience for closely interrelated
ministries or public bodies to be together.
- The master plan should provide population projections
for the five-year, ten-year phases and year 2000.
- The master plan which should be completed within
twelve months will be submitted for Government
approval in three stages:
(i) Preliminary master plan alternative concepts to
see how the above planning objectives have been
accommodated, and to select the best alternative.
(it) Draft master plan
(iii) Final master plan to be implemented.
- The master plan project shall be used as a training
ground for Tanzanian experts in Urban Development
to facilitate its proper implementation and urban
planning in the country.
- The consultants shall be guided by existing policies
on housing, health, education, water supply, land, etc.,
and such guidance as may be given by the CD.A.
from time to time.
Copyright: Project Planning Associates Limited, Toronto, Canada, directed by Mr. Macklin Hancock and recipient "The Government of Tanzania, Capital Development Authority under the auspices of Mr. George Kahama.".