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This is a menu of the topics on this page (click on any): SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL CAPITAL CITY NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT OF 7,000 POPULATION COMMUNITY CENTRE OR "C" CENTRE RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY SUMMARY SUB-CITY OR "B" CENTRE TOTAL URBAN AREA REQUIREMENTS FOR 350,000 POPULATION .
SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL CAPITAL CITY
NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT OF 7,000 POPULATION
|LAND USE||SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESiGN CRITERIA||AREA (ha)|
|Housing||1,400 dwelling units at a theoretical 30 units/hectare grouped in cells
of 10 units. Densities will vary from 10 u.p.h. to 60 u.p.h.
|Primary schools, school facilities||— 3 Primary school sites per neighbourhood, each 1.6 ha, with nursery 4.8
— 2 Primary schools represent 4 streams of pupils
— 1 Primary school would accommodate a single stream, but would
be combined with a Community Education Centre (CEC); the
assembly hall and basic CEC facilities would be built immediately.
|Sports (included in school
|Sports facilities include:
1 ~- Football/soccer field (grass) 50 x 70 m; north-south orientation
1 — Multi-purpose paved area, containing 2 basketball courts at 20 x
1 — Field sports area, containing broad jump pit — 5 x 20 m; high
jump pit — 5 x 20 m; pole vault pit — 5 x 20 m
1 — Track — included around the periphery of football/soccer field.
|Playground (included in school
|Play space approximately 10 x 30 m unpaved. Contains creative
building area and facilities, which allow for swimming, jumping, sliding
and climbing activities. Shade/sun variations desirable. Water supply
and sand pit essential.
|Garden (Shamba) (Included in
school allocations above)
Site should be approximately 30 x 30 m with good sun orientation.
Requires equipment storage shed, water supply and perhaps security.
|Passive study/sitting areas
(included in school allocation
|Small scale spaces interspersed throughout the school site. Flowering
plants with shade trees desirable along with good ventilation, benches
and quiet sites.
|Nursery school (included in school
|Associated with, or part of primary school. Preferably one per school.
Community facilities included in primary school.
|Clinic||Located in conjunction with primary school.|
|Library||Located in primary school.|
|TANU Branch Office||Included near the CEC.|
|Dukas, including one sub-post
office in a duka
|15-20 dukas on sites throughout the neighbourhood and adjacent to
the CEC. Total floor area 1000 to 1500 m2.
|Smai! workshop, handicrafts and
|Related to the CEC. Approximately 0.4 hectares, including 1,200 m3 of
storage floor area.
|Churches, Mosques||One per neighbourhood at 0.4 ha each. Proper landscape development
and parking to be accommodated on site.
|Bicycle/walkways in linear open
|Safe, convenient routes, interconnecting the entire neighbourhood
Standards variable, depending on site conditions.
|Passive park areas||Park-like, landscaped areas of 2.5 ha per neighbourhood for informal
leisure time pursuits.
|Playing fields||included in primary school allocation.|
— swimming, etc.
— active parks reserv
|Convenient sites related to the primary schools.
2 ha reserve is recommended.
|Local and coiiector roads||Allow||6.4|
|%h Right of way for adjacent major
collector roads and busway
|shambas||in addition to those at the school sites, shambas will be located
outside the neighbourhood, but no allocation is made for these here.
|Total Land Area in Neighbourhood||70.0|
Average densities per neighbourhood
Net residential density
Gross neighbourhood density
Net residential density is the total neighbourhood population of 7000 divided by the land, or plots, occupied by dwellings, and including incidental open space (46 ha). On this basis the theoretical density of 30 u.p.h. works out at 30.4 u.p.h. in practice.
Gross neighbourhood density is the total neighbourhood population divided by the total land area of the neighbourhood (70 ha).
p.p.h. = persons per hectare.
u.p.h. ~ (dwelling) units per hectare.
COMMUNITY CENTRE OR "C" CENTRE
For a community of 28,000 population, e.g. 4 neighbourhoods.
|LAND USE||SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESiGN CRITERIA||AREA (ha)|
|Education Centre, including:
— vocational school
— Centre of National Education
— Community Education Centre
(In addition to the ones related to
the primary schools in each
|This education centre will eventually serve a total of 400-500 students,
1 — Football/soccer field (grass), of regulation size (70 x 110 m), N/S
orientation, League play standards.
1 —• MuIti-purpose practice field.
1 — 400 m running track.
1 — 25 m swimming pool
4 — Tennis courts
4 — Volleyball/badminton/basketball courts
|— Parking||Space for 100 cars|
|— Landscape||Passive sitting areas for players, and as park space and buffer areas.|
|— Shamba||1 — Shamba of 0.5 ha included with the CEC or CNE|
|— Library||Located in the educational centre related to adult education facilities.|
|Community facilities||Approximately a 0.5 ha central area, containing a wide variety of halis,
communal facilities, etc., integrated with the educational centre-
|Dispensary (250 m2 floor area)||Located at ground level near bus stop. Open space with shade trees
around the entrances would be desirable for people who are waiting
for their appointment.
|Market (primarily for sale of food
|2 ha space with covered building, containing selling stalls, water
suppiy, refrigerated storage and public lavatories.
|Shops (4,800 m2 floor area)||Space for shops for merchandizing of handicrafts and repair services.
Approximately 1.5 ha surrounding the market.
|On first or second levels of buildings surrounding the market space or
other public open spaces included in duka space above.
|TANU Ward headquarters office||Incorporated in office buildings near main market spaces described above.|
|Taxis, bus stop, car parking,
adjacent to market area
|Space for 15 taxis, bus stop for 2 buses, car parking for 50 cars and
required bicycle racks.
|Repair garages and auto service
|Space for 3 service stations and 3 repair garages (0.16 ha each).||0.5|
|Industry||Light manufacturing industry||4.0|
|Park and open space||A public park in the community centre, including walkways and
bicycle ways and open space connections to the various components
of the community centre, the entire system being interconnected with
the open space systems of the surrounding neighbourhoods.
|1/2 Right of Way surrounding major
|Total Land Area in Neighbourhood||30.0|
RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY SUMMARY
4 neighbourhoods at 70 ha 280 ha
Community centre 30 ha
Allowance for siting variations 15 ha
TOTAL LAND IN EACH COMMUNITY 325 ha
Average densities per community
Net residential density
Gross community density (including shambas)
The above figures do not include arterial roads between communities or shamba space external to the main areas at a minimum of 28 ha per community additional.
A cemetery of 1.0 ha will be located in a quiet area on the periphery of each community.
Net residential density is the total community population of 28,000, divided by the land, or plots occupied by dweiiings, and including incidental open space (184 ha).
Gross community density is the total community population, divided by the total land area, including iand for the community centre, for siting variations, and for shambas (353 ha).
SUB-CITY OR "B" CENTRE
Centres serving groups of three or four surrounding residential communities at 28,000 population, e.g. each B Centre serves a population of between 84,000 and 112,000 people.
|LAND USE||SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESIGN CRITERIA||AREA (ha)_|
|industrial Employment Facilities||Western B Centre 250 ha
Eastern B Centre 135 ha
Central B Centre 50 ha
|150 ha (average)|
|Government Employment Facilities||Governmental offices to be grouped according to associations
with other offices.
|Parastatai Offices||Parastatal headquarters offices. 9,300 m2 floor area required
per 8 Centre.
|Hotels||Hotels, conveniently located to public transit and the urban open space
in the B Centre, require a floor area of 17,500 m2.
|Shops, stores and other retail
|Highway-oriented commercial for the car-travelling public,
warehouses, some daily convenience shopping and some comparison
shopping, requires 39,000 m2 of floorspace.
|Recreation||Cinemas, a recreation centre, and outdoor dancing and eating spaces
(cafes and restaurants), billiard rooms, ping pong, dars, bowling
alley (5,000 m'2)
|Post Office/Telecommunications||Adjacent to major roads, centrally located in the shopping area.||1.0|
|Parking||Space for 200 cars.||0.5|
|Police/fire/ambulance stations||1 ha site, centrally located and accessible to major roads.||1.0|
|Transformer/pumping stations||Variable locations, depending on need. Architectural integration
required and protection of community from adverse environmental
effects, such as odours, noise or visual pollution.
|Taxi stands, etc.||Related to core of centre.||0.5|
|Total B Centre (excluding industry
|Total average land area require)d per B Centre, excluding the industrial
iand component and the land rtsquired for roads, which vary
considerably for each location.
|Total for 3 B Centres (excluding
industry and roads)
|3 x 26.4 ha||79.2|
|Totai for 3 B Centres including industry||79.2 ha + 435 ha say||515|
TOTAL URBAN AREA REQUIREMENTS FOR 350,000 POPULATION
(Excluding Open Spaces Outside the Residential Communities)
|LAND USE||SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESIGN CRITERIA||AREA (ha)|
|Residential||-— 10 complete, new residential communities at 325 ha average
— Existing town of Dodoma plus immediately surrounding new
residential areas, which do not form complete residential communities,
due to the characteristics of the site and existing development.
— Total residential area including existing development
neighbourhoods and C Centres.
|3 B Centres||— Land area, including industrial land||515|
|TANU National Headquarters and
|Special building complex being the central focus of the nation on a
high bluff on Chimwaga
|Government ministry buildings||Ministry buildings and related institutions, mainly concentrated along
the busway, north of the Iseni ridge.
|TANU Regional Offices||These are buildings of prominence and will be located close to the
other government buildings and within their space allocation of 60 ha
|Unforeseen government and
|Land reserved for possible future government and institutional uses, in
addition to current projections.
|Police Headquarters||A site of 5 ha is considered adequate for this facility, as the Field
Force Unit and other police stations are located elsewhere.
|High Court||A prominent site of 4 ha was allowed.||4|
|President's Residence||A dignified site, with large grounds and quiet character close to the
hills is required; alternative sites have been shown on the Master Plan.
The final site will be selected in consultation with the Government and
the President. Space allocation should be generous.
diplomatic residential areas
|Chancelleries, requiring an area of 50 ha, are dispersed throughout
several neighbourhoods. Office space related to embassies and
consulates may be located in parastatal offices in the A Centre,
referred to below.
Mineral Research Centre
National Scientific Research
|Ail these functions are combined on a major educational site, with
access to the busway, major roads and adjacent to the botanical
garden, east of Itega. No educational institute should be located close
to diplomatic areas.
|Technical College||A separate site close to imagi hill has been allocated.||25|
|Military Academy||A prominent site is required with adequate grounds for parades.||50|
|Major Hospitais||Located at a quiet central site with excellent access.||40|
|International School||A high school for the diplomatic community on a 6 ha site, which
should be close to public transit.
|Central recreation and institutional
|— Saba-Saba Grounds, say
— International Exhibition Grounds, including sports facilities and
national stadium, say
— Commemorative park, including a national monument, say
— National Cemetery, say
|National Capita! Centre or
|— Transportation Terminals for:
— regional buses
— Retail, storage and other commercial
— Parastatal offices
— Hotels and entertainment
— Postal and telecommunications facilities
— International conference centre
— People's Square — civic/ceremoniai space
— Grand Mali — with fountains and other water elements
— Open spaces, squares, etc.
— Total land area for the A Centre, including road, say
|Municipal services, storage and
|Reservoirs, water supply and water pumping stations, plants,
transformer stations, hydro right-of-way, public works yards, storage,
tree and plant nursery, equipment repair, etc.
|Arterial roads, parkways, railway
rights-of-way in the urban area
|Approximate total length of 50 km with an average width of 40 m,
excluding roads in the residential communities and industrial areas.
|Maintenance and miscellaneous
|Reserves for buffer planting to screen unattractive views and other
smal! open areas for miscellaneous public uses.
|Totaf Land area for ail urban purposes in the Capita! City, except the
major open space areas between communities.
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