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Space Requirements for the National Capital City

This is a menu of the topics on this page (click on any): SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL CAPITAL CITY NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT OF 7,000 POPULATION    COMMUNITY CENTRE OR "C" CENTRE    RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY — SUMMARY    SUB-CITY OR "B" CENTRE    TOTAL URBAN AREA REQUIREMENTS FOR 350,000 POPULATION   .

SPACE REQUIREMENTS FOR THE NATIONAL CAPITAL CITY

NEIGHBOURHOOD UNIT OF 7,000 POPULATION

LAND USE SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESiGN CRITERIA AREA (ha)
Housing 1,400 dwelling units at a theoretical 30 units/hectare grouped in cells

of 10 units. Densities will vary from 10 u.p.h. to 60 u.p.h.

46.0
Primary schools, school facilities — 3 Primary school sites per neighbourhood, each 1.6 ha, with nursery 4.8 facilities

— 2 Primary schools represent 4 streams of pupils

— 1 Primary school would accommodate a single stream, but would

be combined with a Community Education Centre (CEC); the

assembly hall and basic CEC facilities would be built immediately.

4.8
Sports (included in school

allocations above)

Sports facilities include:

1 ~- Football/soccer field (grass) 50 x 70 m; north-south orientation

1 — Multi-purpose paved area, containing 2 basketball courts at 20 x

30 m

1 — Field sports area, containing broad jump pit — 5 x 20 m; high

jump pit — 5 x 20 m; pole vault pit — 5 x 20 m

1 — Track — included around the periphery of football/soccer field.

 
Playground (included in school

allocations above)

Play space approximately 10 x 30 m unpaved. Contains creative

building area and facilities, which allow for swimming, jumping, sliding

and climbing activities. Shade/sun variations desirable. Water supply

and sand pit essential.

 
Garden (Shamba) (Included in

school allocations above)

Fruit/vegetable area

Flower area

Site should be approximately 30 x 30 m with good sun orientation.

Requires equipment storage shed, water supply and perhaps security.

 
Passive study/sitting areas

(included in school allocation

above}

Small scale spaces interspersed throughout the school site. Flowering

plants with shade trees desirable along with good ventilation, benches

and quiet sites.

 
Nursery school (included in school

allocation above)

Associated with, or part of primary school. Preferably one per school.

Community facilities included in primary school.

 
Clinic Located in conjunction with primary school.  
Library Located in primary school.  
TANU Branch Office Included near the CEC.  
Dukas, including one sub-post

office in a duka

15-20 dukas on sites throughout the neighbourhood and adjacent to

the CEC. Total floor area 1000 to 1500 m2.

0.5
Smai! workshop, handicrafts and

service area

Related to the CEC. Approximately 0.4 hectares, including 1,200 m3 of

storage floor area.

0.4
Churches, Mosques One per neighbourhood at 0.4 ha each. Proper landscape development

and parking to be accommodated on site.

0.4
Bicycle/walkways in linear open

space

Safe, convenient routes, interconnecting the entire neighbourhood

Standards variable, depending on site conditions.

2.0
Passive park areas Park-like, landscaped areas of 2.5 ha per neighbourhood for informal

leisure time pursuits.

2.5
Playing fields included in primary school allocation.  
Sports clubs:

— tennis

— swimming, etc.

— lawn

— active parks reserv

Convenient sites related to the primary schools.

2 ha reserve is recommended.

2.0
Local and coiiector roads Allow 6.4
%h Right of way for adjacent major

collector roads and busway

Allow 5.0
shambas in addition to those at the school sites, shambas will be located

outside the neighbourhood, but no allocation is made for these here.

 
  Total Land Area in Neighbourhood 70.0

Average densities per neighbourhood

— Net residential density

152 p.p.h.

30.4 u.p.h.

— Gross neighbourhood density

100 p.p.h.

20 u.p.h.

Net residential density is the total neighbourhood population of 7000 divided by the land, or plots, occupied by dwellings, and including incidental open space (46 ha). On this basis the theoretical density of 30 u.p.h. works out at 30.4 u.p.h. in practice.

Gross neighbourhood density is the total neighbourhood population divided by the total land area of the neighbourhood (70 ha).

p.p.h. = persons per hectare.

u.p.h. ~ (dwelling) units per hectare.

COMMUNITY CENTRE OR "C" CENTRE

For a community of 28,000 population, e.g. 4 neighbourhoods.

LAND USE SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESiGN CRITERIA AREA (ha)
Education Centre, including:

— vocational school

— Centre of National Education

(CNE)

— Community Education Centre

(CEC)

(In addition to the ones related to

the primary schools in each

neighbourhood)

This education centre will eventually serve a total of 400-500 students,

and includes:

1 — Football/soccer field (grass), of regulation size (70 x 110 m), N/S

orientation, League play standards.

1 —• MuIti-purpose practice field.

1 — 400 m running track.

1 — 25 m swimming pool

4 — Tennis courts

4 — Volleyball/badminton/basketball courts

6.0
— Parking Space for 100 cars  
— Landscape Passive sitting areas for players, and as park space and buffer areas.  
— Shamba 1 — Shamba of 0.5 ha included with the CEC or CNE  
— Library Located in the educational centre related to adult education facilities.  
Community facilities Approximately a 0.5 ha central area, containing a wide variety of halis,

communal facilities, etc., integrated with the educational centre-

0.5
Dispensary (250 m2 floor area) Located at ground level near bus stop. Open space with shade trees

around the entrances would be desirable for people who are waiting

for their appointment.

0.2
Market (primarily for sale of food

stuffs)

2 ha space with covered building, containing selling stalls, water

suppiy, refrigerated storage and public lavatories.

2.0
Shops (4,800 m2 floor area) Space for shops for merchandizing of handicrafts and repair services.

Approximately 1.5 ha surrounding the market.

1.5
Offices/banks/commercial/

co-operatives

On first or second levels of buildings surrounding the market space or

other public open spaces included in duka space above.

 
TANU Ward headquarters office Incorporated in office buildings near main market spaces described above.  
Taxis, bus stop, car parking,

adjacent to market area

Space for 15 taxis, bus stop for 2 buses, car parking for 50 cars and

required bicycle racks.

0.3
Repair garages and auto service

stations

Space for 3 service stations and 3 repair garages (0.16 ha each). 0.5
Industry Light manufacturing industry 4.0
Park and open space A public park in the community centre, including walkways and

bicycle ways and open space connections to the various components

of the community centre, the entire system being interconnected with

the open space systems of the surrounding neighbourhoods.

10.0
1/2 Right of Way surrounding major

collector roads

Allow 5.0
  Total Land Area in Neighbourhood 30.0

RESIDENTIAL COMMUNITY — SUMMARY

4 neighbourhoods at 70 ha                           280 ha

Community centre                                         30 ha

Allowance for siting variations                        15 ha

TOTAL LAND IN EACH COMMUNITY 325 ha

Average densities per community

— Net residential density

152 p.p.h.

3.04 u.p.h.

— Gross community density (including shambas)

79.3 p.p.h.

15.8 u.p.h.

The above figures do not include arterial roads between communities or shamba space external to the main areas at a minimum of 28 ha per community additional.

A cemetery of 1.0 ha will be located in a quiet area on the periphery of each community.

Net residential density is the total community population of 28,000, divided by the land, or plots occupied by dweiiings, and including incidental open space (184 ha).

Gross community density is the total community population, divided by the total land area, including iand for the community centre, for siting variations, and for shambas (353 ha).

SUB-CITY OR "B" CENTRE

Centres serving groups of three or four surrounding residential communities at 28,000 population, e.g. each B Centre serves a population of between 84,000 and 112,000 people.

LAND USE SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESIGN CRITERIA AREA (ha)_
industrial Employment Facilities Western B Centre 250 ha

Eastern B Centre 135 ha

Central B Centre 50 ha

150 ha (average)
Government Employment Facilities Governmental offices to be grouped according to associations

with other offices.

4,0
Parastatai Offices Parastatal headquarters offices. 9,300 m2 floor area required

per 8 Centre.

1.9
Hotels Hotels, conveniently located to public transit and the urban open space

in the B Centre, require a floor area of 17,500 m2.

5.2
Shops, stores and other retail

facilities

Highway-oriented commercial for the car-travelling public,

warehouses, some daily convenience shopping and some comparison

shopping, requires 39,000 m2 of floorspace.

7.8
Recreation Cinemas, a recreation centre, and outdoor dancing and eating spaces

(cafes and restaurants), billiard rooms, ping pong, dars, bowling

alley (5,000 m'2)

1.0
Post Office/Telecommunications Adjacent to major roads, centrally located in the shopping area. 1.0
Facilities    
Parking Space for 200 cars. 0.5
Police/fire/ambulance stations 1 ha site, centrally located and accessible to major roads. 1.0
Transformer/pumping stations Variable locations, depending on need. Architectural integration

required and protection of community from adverse environmental

effects, such as odours, noise or visual pollution.

0.5
Taxi stands, etc. Related to core of centre. 0.5
Total B Centre (excluding industry

and roads)

Total average land area require)d per B Centre, excluding the industrial

iand component and the land rtsquired for roads, which vary

considerably for each location.

26.4
Total for 3 B Centres (excluding

industry and roads)

3 x 26.4 ha 79.2
Totai for 3 B Centres including industry 79.2 ha + 435 ha say 515
The amount of industrial land for each B Centre was determined on the basis of site characteristics, local physical constraints, employment needs in the surrounding communities and public transportation characteristics.

TOTAL URBAN AREA REQUIREMENTS FOR 350,000 POPULATION

(Excluding Open Spaces Outside the Residential Communities)

LAND USE SPACE REQUIREMENTS/DESIGN CRITERIA AREA (ha)
Residential -— 10 complete, new residential communities at 325 ha average

— Existing town of Dodoma plus immediately surrounding new

residential areas, which do not form complete residential communities,

due to the characteristics of the site and existing development.

— Total residential area including existing development

neighbourhoods and C Centres.

3655

923

4578

3 B Centres — Land area, including industrial land 515
TANU National Headquarters and

Parliament Buildings

Special building complex being the central focus of the nation on a

high bluff on Chimwaga

30
Government ministry buildings Ministry buildings and related institutions, mainly concentrated along

the busway, north of the Iseni ridge.

60
TANU Regional Offices These are buildings of prominence and will be located close to the

other government buildings and within their space allocation of 60 ha

shown above.

 
Unforeseen government and

institutional

Land reserved for possible future government and institutional uses, in

addition to current projections.

55
Police Headquarters A site of 5 ha is considered adequate for this facility, as the Field

Force Unit and other police stations are located elsewhere.

5
High Court A prominent site of 4 ha was allowed. 4
President's Residence A dignified site, with large grounds and quiet character close to the

hills is required; alternative sites have been shown on the Master Plan.

The final site will be selected in consultation with the Government and

the President. Space allocation should be generous.

10
Embassies/Consulates and

diplomatic residential areas

Chancelleries, requiring an area of 50 ha, are dispersed throughout

several neighbourhoods. Office space related to embassies and

consulates may be located in parastatal offices in the A Centre,

referred to below.

50
University

Mineral Research Centre

National Scientific Research

Council

Ail these functions are combined on a major educational site, with

access to the busway, major roads and adjacent to the botanical

garden, east of Itega. No educational institute should be located close

to diplomatic areas.

160
Technical College A separate site close to imagi hill has been allocated. 25
Military Academy A prominent site is required with adequate grounds for parades. 50
Major Hospitais Located at a quiet central site with excellent access. 40
International School A high school for the diplomatic community on a 6 ha site, which

should be close to public transit.

6
Central recreation and institutional

space

— Saba-Saba Grounds, say

— International Exhibition Grounds, including sports facilities and

national stadium, say

— Commemorative park, including a national monument, say

— National Cemetery, say

80

60

45

25

National Capita! Centre or

A Centre

— Transportation Terminals for:

— rail

— busway

— regional buses

— Retail, storage and other commercial

— Parastatal offices

— Hotels and entertainment

— Postal and telecommunications facilities

— International conference centre

— People's Square — civic/ceremoniai space

— Grand Mali — with fountains and other water elements

— Open spaces, squares, etc.

— Total land area for the A Centre, including road, say

4.5

1.5

1.5

23.4

8.4

10.5

4

8

6

8

12

88

Municipal services, storage and

garages

Reservoirs, water supply and water pumping stations, plants,

transformer stations, hydro right-of-way, public works yards, storage,

tree and plant nursery, equipment repair, etc.

30
Arterial roads, parkways, railway

rights-of-way in the urban area

Approximate total length of 50 km with an average width of 40 m,

excluding roads in the residential communities and industrial areas.

200
Maintenance and miscellaneous

open space

Reserves for buffer planting to screen unattractive views and other

smal! open areas for miscellaneous public uses.

30
  Totaf Land area for ail urban purposes in the Capita! City, except the

major open space areas between communities.

6146ha
     



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HomePage    index    Whats New    Site Map    Web Links    Glossary    The Arusha Declaration and TANU's Policy on Socialism and Self-Reliance    Site Selection for the National Capital    City Form    Space Requirements for the National Capital City    Objectives of the National Capital Master Plan    MSTrQ
Copyright: Project Planning Associates Limited, Toronto, Canada, directed by Mr. Macklin Hancock and recipient "The Government of Tanzania, Capital Development Authority under the auspices of Mr. George Kahama.".